Difference Between Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Metals
Ferrous and non-ferrous metals are two types of metals that are commonly used in many industries. While ferrous metals contain iron, non-ferrous metals do not. This difference between the two is the main factor that distinguishes them from one another.
Ferrous metals are typically stronger, harder, and heavier than non-ferrous metals. They are also more resistant to corrosion, making them ideal for applications involving exposure to water or other harsh environments. However, ferrous metals can be difficult to machine or weld due to their high strength.
Non-ferrous metals, on the other hand, are lighter and easier to work with than ferrous metals. They are also more ductile and malleable, making them easier to shape into desired objects. Additionally, non-ferrous metals tend to be more resistant to corrosion than ferrous metals.
Ferrous metals contain iron, which can react with oxygen to form rust. Rust is a corrosion product that can weaken the metal over time and make it vulnerable to cracking or breaking. Non-ferrous metals, on the other hand, do not contain iron, making them more resistant to corrosion.
Ferrous metals are commonly used in the construction of buildings and bridges, as well as in the manufacture of tools and vehicles. Non-ferrous metals are often used to make electrical components, coins, jewelry, and medical equipment.
Ferrous metals are also often used in the production of steel, which is a strong and durable material that can be used in a variety of applications. Non-ferrous metals are often used in the production of aluminum, which is a lightweight and corrosion-resistant material.